Alexandra Exter (b. 1882 - 1949), was a Russian painter and designer of internation stature who divided her life between Kiev, St. Petersburg, Moscow, Vienna, and Paris.
Exter was a member of Russia’s pre-Revolutionary artistic avant-garde and was close to other progressive artists, writers, and composers.
She traveled within Russia and throughout Western Europe, especially Paris, where she began exhibiting her work in 1912. She opened her own studio in Kiev and taught noted artists, including Pavel Tchelitchew. In 1916, when nonobjective art was still extremely rare, Exter created her first purely abstract paintings.
For the next several decades, Exter produced innovative and influential stage designs for plays, ballets, and experimental films. Like many radical artists, Exter eventually left Russia, settling in Paris in 1924.Exter continued experimenting with Constructivism and sometimes incorporated modern industrial materials such as celluloid and sheet metal into her futuristic designs. She remained an important influence through exhibitions, stage work, and teaching at Fernand Léger’s Académie d’Art Moderne.
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